Posted by: wahyukdephut | January 31, 2009

MODEL PELESTARIAN EKOSISTEM MANGROVE

MODEL PELESTARIAN EKOSISTEM MANGROVE

DI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL KUTAI

OLEH MASYARAKAT DUSUN TELUK LOMBOK

(Mangrove Ecosystem Preservation Model in Kutai National Park Area

by Community of Teluk Lombok Village)

Oleh/By :

Wawan Gunawan, Wahyu Catur Adinugroho, dan/and Noorcahyati

 

ABSTRACT

            Generally, ecosystem of mangrove located in coastal periphery, this vegetation have characteristic hold up of salinity. This ecosystem is very important because have benefit and function, through physical, biological and also economically. Various pressure, illegal logging, converting forest of mangrove become fishpond which not controlled have caused degradation of mangrove ecosystem. Existence of pressure to fulfill the necessary by  society in around mangrove increasing damaged this ecosystem. So, needed various effort with appropriate model to preserve mangrove ecosystem.

                Research in mangrove ecosystem of Teluk Lombok with survey method by interview, observation and study of literature indicate that society characteristic in Teluk Lombok village have low education level, they exploit mangrove ecosystem to fulfill necessary. Perception of society about mangrove ecosystem have been change toward which are positive along with community development activity by certain party.  Preservation of mangrove ecosystem doing by collaborative of society, government institution and certain party with accommodating all stakeholder importance, society become subject and have opportunity to participate active so they have sense of belonging and can become buffer for preservation mangrove ecosystem, three especial program activity to preservation mangrove ecosystem mangrove is Reinforcement of  society institute, increasing society economy and rehabilitate. Program conducted by society with guidance.

Keywords : Mangrove ecosystem, Function and benefit of  mangrove ecosystem, society characteristic, society perception, Model of mangrove ecosystem preservation  

 

ABSTRAK

            Ekosistem mangrove pada umumnya terletak di pinggir pantai dengan ciri khas mempunyai komunitas tumbuhan tahan terhadap salinitas/kadar garam, mempunyai fungsi dan manfaat yang sangat penting, baik secara fisik, biologis maupun secara ekonomis. Berbagai tekanan seperti, penebangan liar, dan konversi hutan mangrove yang tidak terkendali menjadi areal tambak telah menyebabkan ekosistem mangrove terdegradasi. Kondisi ini didukung oleh adanya desakan untuk memenuhi keperluan hidup, terutama oleh masyarakat sekitar ekosistem mangrove. Sehingga diperlukan berbagai upaya dengan model pelestarian yang tepat guna pelestarian ekosistem mangrove.

                Penelitian yang dilakukan di ekosistem mangrove Teluk lombok dengan menggunakan metode survey melalui wawancara, observasi dan studi literatur menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik rumah tangga Dusun Teluk Lombok mempunyai tingkat pendidikan yang rendah dan mereka memanfaatkan ekosistem mangrove untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Telah terjadi perubahan persepsi terhadap keberadaan eksosistem mangrove kearah yang positif seiring dengan kegiatan pendampingan oleh pihak tertentu. Upaya pelestarian ekosistem mangrove dilakukan secara kolaboratif, masyarakat, instansi pemeriantah dan pihak lain dengan mengakomodasi semua kepentingan stakeholder terkait dimana masyarakat menjadi subyek yang mempunyai kesempatan untuk berpartisipasi aktif sehingga masyarakat mempunyai rasa memiliki dan dapat menjadi buffer bagi kelestarian ekosistem mangrove, tiga program utama kegiatan pelestarian ekosistem mangrove yaitu Penguatan kelembagaan dan Peningkatan ekonomi masyarakat sekitar serta upaya rehabilitasi dimana program dilaksanakan dengan sistem pendampingan.

Kata Kunci : Ekosistem mangrove, fungsi dan manfaat ekosistem mangrove, karakteristik masyarakat, persepsi masyarakat, model pelestarian ekosistem mangrove


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